The Rufiji River has core areas that include the Selous World Heritage Site, which is just below the proposed dam and consists of marshland, lakes and shifting riverbeds, which are maintained by water and fertile soil from the river’s annual flood. In the land below the reserve, a large floodplain provides rich agricultural opportunities for Warufiji people. Their farming is also underpinned by the fertile sediments and water from the Rufiji River’s annual flood, which also sustains fishing lakes.
At the delta, where the Rufiji River meets the sea, the annual flood releases fertile soil, physically creating a delta and sustaining its chemical balance. This delta is also environmentally rich, home to the largest mangrove stand in East Africa and is meant to be protected by a global treaty called Ramsar. The delta also hosts Tanzania’s economically-richest fishery.
Full story: The Citizen