Uganda as a developing country is struggling with various challenges among which are, shortage of energy for both industrial and domestic use and population explosion. These two are the main reasons for deforestation. Lack of or poor and costly rural electrification make the majority of Ugandans to use firewood and charcoal as the main sources of fuel to cook. Large amounts of forests are also spent as trees are cut for timber and wood because the construction industry greatly uses timber rather than other alternatives like steel. Over the last three decades, growth in human population and the corresponding increase in demand for forest products for domestic and industrial use, expansion of agricultural land, settlements and weak implementation of forest management policies have adversely affected the status of natural forests in Uganda.
In the late 1980s, Approx. 75,000 km2 (31.7%) out of 236,040 km2 of the total land in Uganda consisted of forest and woodland. Today, forests and woodlands cover is about 15.2% of Uganda’s land surface meaning that Uganda has lost 16.5% of forests and woodland cover.
Full article: New Vision