According to the new Kenya Integrated Household Budget Survey (KIHBS) the high reliance on kerosene lamps in the four counties contrasts a national trend where more households are taking up electricity and solar for lighting.
The high reliance on kerosene for lighting in Busia, Homa Bay, Siaya and Bungoma may be indicative of slow roll-out of the rural electrification project and high poverty levels in the counties.
Key findings of the report:
Main Source of Lighting
Nationally, the proportion of households using lighting in form of electricity generated from the main grid was 41.4 per cent. Further, the results indicate that slightly more than a third of the households used paraffin as the main source of lighting, a decline compared to 76.4 per cent households in the 2005/06 KIHBS. There was a notable increase in the use of solar power for lighting from 1.6 per cent in 2005/06 KIHBS to 14.1 per cent in 2015/16 KIHBS.
The proportion of households in urban areas using light from electricity was 73.0 per cent compared to 17.1 per cent in rural households. The proportion of rural households relying on paraffin (lantern, tin or pressure lamps) for lighting declined from 86.4 per cent in 2005/06 KIHBS to 48.6 per cent in 2015/16 KIHBS.
Analysis by counties shows that less than one out of every ten households in Turkana, West Pokot, Wajir, Bomet and Homa Bay were using lighting from electricity. Counties that registered high pro-portions of households using electricity for lighting were Nairobi City, Kiambu, Mombasa and Kajiado. Usage of paraffin as a source of lighting was common in Busia, Homa Bay, Siaya and Bungoma Coun-ties, while wood fuel was predominant among households in Samburu and Turkana counties. Majority of households in Wajir, Mandera and Garissa Counties reported battery lamp/torch as their main source of lighting.
The type of cooking fuel used has an influence on the levels of indoor air pollution that may lead to Acute Respiratory Infections (ARIs). Ensuring access to clean fuel is one of the targets of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 7) on energy. Clean sources of energy include; electricity, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), and Biogas. The survey sought to establish the main type of energy used for cooking by the households.
More than half of households relied on firewood for cooking while more than a quarter used charcoal and kerosene. Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) was used by 13.4 per cent of the households as the main source of energy for cooking, an improvement from 3.5 per cent recorded in the 2005/06 KIHBS and 5.0 per cent in the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census (KPHC). Overall, the proportion of households using paraffin was 14.0 per cent. Firewood remained the predominant type of fuel used for cooking in the rural areas (84.3%). About three in every ten households in urban areas used either LPG or electricity. Only 3.0 per cent of households in rural areas reported using clean sources of energy for cooking.
Across the counties, Wajir, Bomet, West Pokot and Vihiga had high proportions of households using wood as the main cooking fuel. Nairobi City, Kiambu and Kajiado reported high proportions of households using LPG for cooking. High proportions of households using kerosene were in Nairobi City and Mombasa Counties.
Download the full report: KNBS Basic Report
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